The asylum process

Preparation

Collect and bring whatever you have of material that may help document your story of persecution, abuse or risk thereof. Such as pictures, screen dumps, official documents, warrants, court decisions, articles, etc. The validity of the documents will be checked by the Danish authorities, so only bring authentic material.

Your personal story

Your personal story is typically more important for the immigration authorities than the general situation in your country of origin. They are interested in whether you as an individual risk persecution or degrading or inhumane treatment. This typically means that the authorities in your country of origin should know of your sexual orientation or gender identity, or that they will not protect you, if you risk abuse from others who knows. However, the immigration authorities may in some cases also grant asylum if it is not possible to live openly as LGBT in your country of origin without being subject to persecution – for example if homosexuality is criminalised and the legislation is enforced.

The Danish Police and Immigration Authorities can make mistakes in the asylum process, but they are not corrupt, and it is safe to tell them that you are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender.

Your credibility

Your credibility is very important for the immigration authorities. This means that you should tell them the truth and as much as possible as soon as possible in the process, meaning when you fill in your application and at the first asylum interview. If it is of importance for your asylum claim, also tell them about your sexual orientation and gender identity, including things that might be difficult to talk about because they are intimate. Get a copy of your papers and minutes of the interview. Prepare for the interview, and remember the dates and sequence of events. If you forget something during the interview, write a letter to the authorities as soon as possible and tell them.

Interpreter

Good interpretation is important during the asylum interview. If you experience problems with the interpretation or you do not trust the interpreter, it is important to let the migration officer know as soon as possible – you can ask for another interpreter. You can request a female or male interpreter if you feel it would make it easier to tell your story.

Lawyer

If your case is rejected by the Danish Immigration Service, your case will automatically be appealed to the Refugee Appeals Board. In this situation you are entitled to a lawyer. It is important that you get a good lawyer, and you should be aware that there are also bad lawyers out there. LGBT Asylum can recommend a good lawyer, who also has experience with LGBT asylum cases.

The asylum procedure

Below you find an illustration of the asylum procedure (click to enlarge):

Asylskema eng maj14

Image: Refugees Welcome

For general information about the application process, see: https://www.nyidanmark.dk/en-us/coming_to_dk/asylum/application_for_asylum/application_for_asylum.htm